There are many types of cancer in children but the most common childhood cancers are leukemias (cancers of the blood-producing tissues), lymphomas (cancers of the lymphatic system) and brain tumours, whereas skin, prostate, lung and colorectal cancers are most common in adults.

A child’s age and stage of development is an important factor when considering treatment options. Although childhood cancers are more responsive to treatment, cancer therapies can be harsh and may have lasting disabling effects on growing bodies.

The causes of most childhood cancers are still unknown, while many adult cancers have been linked to environmental, occupational and life style issues such diet, alcohol and smoking.

To read more about childhood cancer, click here for a list of resources.